Straight grain

  • The straight grain is made up of threads that run parallel to the selvedge and perpendicular to the cross grain.
  • It may also be referred to as the lengthwise grain.
  • It is made up of warp threads.
  • There are more warp threads per square inch than weft (or crosswise) threads, meaning that the straight grain has less stretch than the cross grain.
  • The straight grain is the grain most often used in garments. It generally runs up through the centre front of bodices, through the length of the sleeves or up through trouser legs. The grain runs perpendicular to the ground.
  • When you place your pattern on the fabric you align the patterns grain line (often marked with a straight arrow) with the straight grain.
selvedge, weft, warp bias
Diagram to show the straight grain of a woven fabric.

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